There are few tourist attractions in the world which can be considered to be more popular than the Empire State building in New York. This building has 102 storeys. It is a huge sky scraper. The exact location of Empire State Building is where the West 34th Street and the 5th Avenue intersect each other. The building is a very popular tourist destination due to a number of reasons. One of the very important reasons of the popularity of this building has been the fact that it has remained the tallest building of the world for more than 40 years. The construction of Empire state building was completed in 1931.

The Empire state building is a very popular building and it is included in the list of the modern wonders. The inclusion of Empire state building in this list was decided by American Society of Civil Engineers. Harold Helmsley is the owner of this building. Empire state building is considered to be a historic landmark of National importance.  

The site of the building was marked in the end of the 18th century and was developed by John Thomson farm. A hotel for the elite class was built there and it was a frequently visited hotel by the elite class of New York at that time.  Later on the same site was used to build this massive structure of Empire state building. The building was designed by the firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon and Gregory Johnson was the most important architect involved in the designing of Empire state building. The firm was too quick in producing the first draft of the design. It was produced by the firm in only two weeks time. This was a really speedy work and some other tower to be constructed in Carolina was used as a source to design this building. The designing was actually done from the top towards the bottom. All the financing of this project was done by John J. Raskob. Alfred Smith was the chairman of the construction company. Alfred was former governor of the city of New York and was deeply interested in the construction of Empire state building.  

The construction started off with the excavation of the site in 1930. The actual construction started on March 17 which was St. Patrick's Day. Three thousands and four hundred workers were involved in the construction of this building. Most of these workers were the immigrants from different parts of the world, but most of them were Europeans. The official records say that only five workers died during the construction of this building. Grandchild of the Governor Smith inaugurated it by cutting the ribbon in 1931. At this time this building was the tallest in the world. The building was in competition with two other towers which were constructed a little time earlier, for becoming the tallest building in the world. The Empire state building was opened for public in May 1931. The official honor was done by the American President Hoover who pushed a button while sitting in Washington D.C to light the Empire state building in New York.  

When the building was open to be rented out, the great depression of the United States began. As a result the building was not rented out properly. Fro many years to come there was little income form renting out floors and offices of Empire State building. So much so that many people used to call it empty rather than Empire State building. The building became profitable after 1950. The sale of space increased a lot in 1950s and afterwards it was on looking back. The profits from selling the space of the building became greater in amount.  

For more than forty years, the Empire State Building has been hailed as the world's tallest building, not just in all of the state of New York, but in the world. The title was only removed from this famous landmark in 1931 upon the construction of the World Trade Center Towers. After September 11, 2001, the Empire State Building regained its title, at least in the city of Big Apple. Today, it remains as the fifth tallest building in the world.

Apart from this, the Empire State Building has also been given the prestigious distinction of being recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. After all, the building was constructed during a time when the modern equipment and technology that has led to the rise of the modern-day skyscrapers have yet to be developed. The Empire State Building has been designated as a National Historic Landmark since the year 1986.

This is not to say that the Empire State Building has not had its share of tragedies. On July 28, 1945, the Empire State Building was hit by a B-25 Bomber, setting fire from the 79th floor all the way up to the Penthouse. Fortunately, the damage was only minimal and a few days after, the Empire State Building is once again open to the general public.

Few accidents have been associated with this building. The official count says that some 30 or more people have jumped from the top of this building to commit suicide. In 1947 five people tried to commit suicide by jumping off the top of this building with in the time span of three weeks. There have been few famous suicide attempts. For example, in the year 1979, Elivata Adams tried to commit suicide by jumping off the 86th floor. The target was not achieved as Adams hit the 85th floor and broke the hip bone. The recent suicide by jumping off form the top of the Empire state building was done by a lawyer in April of 2007.  

The height of this building is more than twelve hundreds and fifty feet. If you include the pinnacles in the height of the building, it becomes fourteen hundreds and fifty three feet tall. 85 storeys of the building are being used for commercial purpose while 16 storeys act as the tower of Art Deco. The top of the building is occupied by an observatory. This building is also popular because of the fact that this was the first building which crossed the limit of 100 storeys.  With 73 elevators in place and 6,500 windows in all, the building has 1,860 steps if you start off form the street level and try to reach the 102nd floor.  

New York is a very well connected city with the rest of the world. You can take the aerial route to reach New York if you plan to visit the Empire state building and if you are coming from some other continent. If you are from the same continent, taking the by road route or a train may be a really good idea.