Colombia lies in the northern part of South America. It is part of the colony, French Guiana. The Andes Mountain Range dominates western Colombia. The dense tropical rainforests cover the southern regions of Colombia. Untouched by modern life, isolated groups of Native Americans still live in some of the most inaccessible areas over here. Colombia is divided from north to south by the Andes. Colombia has coastlines on both the Pacific and Caribbean. This country is economically one of the strongest in South America.
Founded by the Spanish in 1538, Colombia’s capital and largest city, Bogotá, is home to 6,700,000 people. It is the country’s financial, industrial and commercial center. Colombia produces about 60% of the world’s emeralds. It has huge reserves of coal and gold. The recent discovery of oil allows Colombia to be self sufficient in energy.
Once upon a time, Colombia had been considered as one of the economical gateways of South America. It has also been one of the parts of one of the Incan Empire, which has been known as the most powerful empire during the Ancient world in this side of the earth. Its richness in natural resources has attracted the Spanish Inquisition to invade this region. In fact, it has been said that the country was named after Christopher Columbus, the same man who discovered America. It has been considered as one of the prized jewels of the Spanish crown and many historians have attributed Columbia as being the major contributor to the glory of the Spanish empire in the New World.
Colombia has been one of the world’s largest producers of the finest coffee beans in the world. Coffee is grown in thousands of small farms. Indeed, if you are a coffee aficionado, a trip to Columbia would be well worth it. Today, there are a number of different tours that you can avail of; which would allow you to gain access to some of the most popular coffee plantations in the country. As an added treat, some of these coffee plantations would allow you to purchase a bag of pure Colombian coffee or two to take home for you to enjoy and remember your trip.
Other leading crops include sugar-cane, rice, maize, bananas, cotton and cut-flowers. Farmers raise cattle and farming accounts for more than half of the country’s export earnings. Colombia’s lush fertile lowlands enable a wide range of crops to be grown all year round. The rainforests cover the eastern Colombia.
Colombia is a land that offers travelers a piece of heaven on earth. One of the best places to find this is in the Amazon Basin. While many who are looking to visit the Amazon Rainforest would head off to Brazil, travelers visiting Colombia can also experience this vast rainforest and the exquisite plant and animal species found here and nowhere else on the planet. You can even book a guide to take you on a canoe to go through the Amazon Basin where you can get up-close and personal with nature in a totally different perspective.