The construction of this splendid building was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jana as a mausoleum for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
It was designed by an entire team of designers to create and was not completed until 1648, long after Mumtaz Mahal died during their fourteenth child's birth. The gardens and outbuildings of the Taj Mahal were not completed until five years later.
This incredible building was completed with a complex pulley system aid because of the huge marble blocks. According to historical accounts, it took twenty or thirty oxen teams to pull on specially constructed carts or wagons. The scaffolding for the building was constructed of brick instead of bamboo. While the designers lamented the time that it would take to deconstruct the scaffolding, legend has it that Shah Jahan decreed that anyone could take bricks from the scaffolding and keep them, leading to the deconstruction of the entire scaffolds overnight by peasants.