The Church of the Resurrection, also known as the Church of the Blood, Church of the Savior, and Church of the Savior on Blood, is a memorial church in Saint Petersburg built in the neo-Russian style. It is designed on the model of Moscow's St. Basil's Cathedral. It is correspondingly conspicuous as the only large church building in downtown Petersburg that does not follow Italian and classical western architectural styles. The orientation towards the ornamental and colorful decoration of ancient Russian art from the era before Peter I, which had not yet opened up to Western culture, corresponding to the return to national traditions that was cultivated in the second half of the century at the court of the tsars and is thus the simultaneous Central European historicism comparable. It was built from 1883 to 1912 on the spot where Alexander II was assassinated. It was opened to celebrate the centenary of Napoleon Bonaparte's victory in the 'Patriotic War' and the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty.
The church stands near Nevsky Prospect on the Griboyedov Canal. It covers an area of about 7,000 square meters; the interior design in icon style and exterior decoration consists mainly of mosaics.
The church was built according to Alfred Parlands (1842–1919) plans, an architect of great importance in Russia at the time, who also built in Moscow, Vladimir, and other cities. He was a member of the Academy of Arts in Petersburg and came from a German-Baltic-Scottish family who had been in the Tsar service at Peterhof since around 1800. Viktor Michailowitsch Wasnezow, Michail Wassiljewitsch Nesterow, Andrei Petrovich Ryabushkin, Nikolai Nikolajewitsch Kharlamov, Alexei Fyodorowitsch Afanassjew, Firs Sergejewitsch Shuravlyov and others Vasily Vasilyevich were involved in the rich interior decoration of the church with mosaics.