If you are heading to Jerusalem, you are heading towards the capital and the largest city in Israel. Jerusalem is located in the Judean Mountains, and you'll find it between the Mediterranean Sea and the tip of the Dead Sea. This is an area that holds much of the history of the main religions present in this world. This means that the area is one to which many people would love to visit. Unfortunately, it is not something that everyone can do because of the conflict and tension most of the time.This is one of the world's oldest cities, dating back farther than the 4th millennium BCE. Its history is rich and inviting and goes back just as far as records of the city itself. It has been considered the holiest city in Judaism and has also been the Jewish people's center since the 10th century BCE. This is well documented in texts and in histories that have been passed down through the ages. As well, the city contains many different important Christian sites and has therefore also been important in that religion. Thirdly, the city has been considered incredibly important in the Islam faith as well. This mixture of religions and history makes the city a significant place for historical and religious scholars. The three different religions that converge in the area make it one of the most important sites in the world to people of many different faiths. Even those who do not follow any of the particular faiths are drawn to the city's enormous historical significance.The walled area of Jerusalem, which was the entire city itself until the 1860s, is called the Old City. The Old City is the place that anyone visiting Jerusalem wants to visit because it is most important to the people of the many different faiths around the world. For many years, due to the fighting and the other problems, the Old City of Jerusalem was in danger of being completely destroyed. However, it was added to the list of World Heritage Sites that are in danger in 1982. This meant that the cities' most prominent attractions were recognized as being very important in the rest of the world's eyes. Much money was put into protecting this city from all of the factors that threatened to destroy it. The city has been divided into four quarters for most of its history. The quarters, known as the Armenian Quarter, the Christian Quarter, the Jewish quarter, and the Muslim quarter, are full of religious sites and artifacts. The four quarters of the city are part of what makes it very important to scholars of all faiths. The names that the quarters refer to, which are the current names of the four different groups of people that live within them, are not the names and descriptions that have always been given to the four quarters. However, for most of its history, the city has been divided into four quarters, although they might have been known as different things. Each of the quarters contains different elements and many historical sites. In fact, even though this quartered city is only .9 square kilometers, it is home to many of the most significant religious artifacts in the world. Old Jerusalem is one of the places in the world that almost everyone would like to visit because it is home to some of the most significant and beautiful religious artifacts. These include the Temple Mount and the Western Wall, very important to the Jewish people. In fact, most people who follow the Jewish faith attempt to visit this area once in their lives as a pilgrimage. Also, the Christian quarter has several different sites and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is very important for the Christian people. This is one of the most visited sites in the world as well. Also, this area is home to the Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque, which are both hugely significant to those that follow the Muslim faith. Most Muslim people attempt to visit these sacred sites during their lifetime.Outside the walled or Old City, modern Jerusalem has grown up and outward. It has become a civic and cultural hub that extends towards the urban center of Israel, Gush Dan. Because of the many different religious and historical factors that are still largely today in the city of Jerusalem, it remains a center of conflict between the Israeli-Palestinian sides of issues. These issues are nothing new, as they have been around almost for these religions' entire history. The area has been in conflict for many years.Many sides claim to know what the origin of Jerusalem's Hebrew name is - some say the name of the city means 'legacy of peace', while others say the name refers to the 'builder of the first temple.' It could also refer to words that mean 'whole' or 'in harmony.' The city is ancient because there have been artifacts that have been found that date back as far as the 4th millennium BCE. There is also evidence that there was a permanent settlement during the early Bronze age. The many different groups of people and also the many different religions that have had important places in this city make it a prime target for many historians and other religious scholars - however, the fighting and tension in the city is often something that makes even the most simple visit to the city a difficult one indeed. There are many reasons to travel to Old Jerusalem. Still, it is recommended that you do some research on the town and the different religions and the different tensions that are currently in the area so that if you visit, you understand what is going on there.