Situated east of the city of Visalia, California, is the Sequoia National Park, which one of the favorite destinations for locals and tourists who want to explore the diversity and beauty of nature. The Sequoia National Park lies in the southern end of the majestic Sierra Nevada mountain range, and it is the second national park ever established in the United States. Established in the year 1890, the Sequoia National Park covers a land area of 404, 051 acres. It is also home Mount Whitney, which is the highest point in the entire United States. Many people visit the Sequoia National Park because of the giant sequoia trees that are scattered all over the area, many of which date back to hundreds of years. Majority of these towering sequoia trees are situated in the area of the park aptly named the Giant Forest. Located 8 miles from the main picnic area, the Giant Forest is home to the tallest and oldest sequoia trees in the region. Its distinct reddish barks have given these trees the nickname the Red Giants. It is also here in the Giant Forest where you will find Moro Rock, a huge granite dome that gives visitors of the park some of the best views of the majestic Sierra Nevada Mountain range. Apart from the sequoia trees, the park is also home to more than 200 caves, many of which are open to the general public to explore. The most popular of these caves is the Crystal Cave. It is the second largest cave in the entire park, and offers a spectacular view of numerous rock formations including shield and raft cone formations, both of which are classified as extremely rare rock formations. Because the passage through this cave is extremely complex, it is highly recommended to explore the cave with an experienced tour guide.