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Egypt Country Guide


The Gift of the Nile

Egypt is one of the most populous nations in Africa, with roughly 80 million inhabitants and a land area that makes it one of the biggest in the continent. Egypt’s location is very strategic and ideal. It has ready access to two major bodies of water: the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Moreover, Egypt is also drained by the Nile River from the south, irrigating the lands along the riverbanks and making these areas very suitable for cultivation and agriculture. Egypt is bordered by Libya to the west, Israel to the east, and Sudan to the South. The world’s busiest man-made waterway has a foothold on Egypt as well. The Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, making the voyage from Europe to Asia and vice versa significantly shorter than rounding the entire African continent as was the practice on those days before the Suez Canal was opened. Because of its proximity to Europe and the fact that it was a former British colony, Egypt is significantly influenced by European culture particularly in customs and architecture. On the other hand, Egyptians identify themselves with its Arabic neighbors to the east, sharing principles and religion with them.

The Nile River and Egypt’s Topography

The area where the Nile River flows is a very fertile region, which is the center of Egypt’s agricultural production. However, apart from it, the rest of the country is a desert. However, in ancient times, this desert region protected the kingdom of the pharaohs by serving as a buffer between Egypt and any hostile kingdom from the south and west. Because of its topography, most of Egypt’s population is concentrated on the northern and eastern part of the country either along the path of the Nile or in the northern coastal areas hugging the Mediterranean. Moreover, Egypt does not get much rainfall, further contributing to the aridity of the land.

Must-see Tourist Attractions

Egypt has always been a highly coveted prize for colonizers. As such, there are traces of different civilizations in the Egyptian landscape and architecture that provides reason why it is frequented by tourists. Some of Egypt’s top tourist draws are the following:

The Pyramids of Egypt. These burial places of the pharaoh became the symbol by which Egypt is readily identified by the rest of the world. The biggest and most famous pyramids are found in Giza.

The Great Sphinx. Also found in Giza, this interesting sculpture of a lion’s body and a man’s head is also a top tourist attraction along with the pyramids.

The Nile River. The Nile River is the longest river in the world and the very heart of Egypt’s agriculture. Tourists prefer riding on traditional Nile boats that go along with the River’s flow.
The Suez Canal. The busiest man-made canal in the world, the Suez Canal connects the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, providing easy access between Europe and Asia.

Getting There

Egypt is easily accessible by air. There are daily trips from Europe to the capital, Cairo. Aside from this, Cairo is considered the northern gateway to Africa, and for this reason, it is a host to most travelers entering the continent. Moreover, as in the case of most countries in northern Africa, Egypt is regularly visited by cruise ships and luxury liners coming from Europe.

Egypt Major Cities:
Shubra al-Khayma
Port Said
Mahalla al-Kubra
Main Egypt attractions:

The Great Pyramids
The Nile River
Alexandria's Library (Bibliotheca)
The Red Sea
Full Egypt overview text

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