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China Country Guide


Covering the majority of the Asian continent, the country of China is the third largest country in the world next to Russia and Canada. It is comprised of 22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 3 special municipalities. Its government is closely associated to the country of Taiwan as well as Macao and Hong Kong, which were both once European colonies. China is a country with a rich cultural and historical heritage and one of the top tourist destinations in the world.

The country of China has a very diverse landscape. Travelers visiting China are treated to a country that is home of rugged hills and deserts as well as tropical plains and Sub-Artic regions. Majestic mountain ranges cover one-third of the entire landscape, most of them can be found in the northern and western regions of the country. It is also home to two large rivers: the Chang Jian River and the Huang He River which is also known as the “Yellow River” and “China’s Sorrow” because of the yellow soil left behind during the times that the Huang He River swells, resulting to floods in the surrounding regions.

If you are traveling to China for the first time, the best place to start your travel is in its capital of Beijing. Home to the recent Olympic Games, the city of Beijing is also home to a number of different attractions offering travelers a glimpse into the rich cultural and historical heritage of the country. Everywhere you go, you are sure to find captivating temples and serene parks, all of which built symmetrically within 3 rectangles. One of the most visited tourist attractions in the country is the infamous Forbidden City which is located in the heart of the Imperial Palace, which was built during the 15th century. Each year, thousands of tourists travel into this historical place which has become a tourism landmark of China. While you are in Beijing, make sure that you also take time to visit the Temple of Heaven. This perfect example of a Chinese pagoda had once been the place where the ruling emperor would pray to the gods in behalf of his people.

The country is also host to one of the most mystifying attraction, the Great Wall of China.

Another city in China worth visiting is the bustling city of Shanghai. Recognized today as the leading center of commerce, trade and industry, the city of Shanghai is the largest city in all of China. It provides travelers a perfect blend on how the Chinese are able to move forward to the 21st century while still remaining in tune to their rich cultural traditions and heritage.

To get the most out of your visit to China, make sure that you get to sample some of the fine cuisine, which has been known all over the world. Food among the Chinese is extremely important and has become a part of their culture as well. For those bold travelers who do not mind trying something on the exotic side, many Chinese restaurants offer snakes and turtles as part of their menus right beside some of the well-known staples such as stir-fried vegetables, meat, noodles and rice.

The best time to visit China is during the months of January and February during the Chinese New Year, which is considered as the most important festival in China. Held during the first new moon of the year, towns and cities all over China come alive with a variety of colorful processions, great food, and dragon dances which are held in the streets. At night, the skies come alive with a spectacular showcase of fireworks.

Municipal State/Regions

Beijing (China Capital)

Provinces & Major cities

Anhui > Hefei, Huangshan, Bengbu, Tongling, Ma'anshan
Fujian > Fuzhou, Xiamen, Zhangzhou
Gansu >Lanzhou, Dunhuang, Jiayuguan, Jiayuguan
Guangdong > Guangzhou, Chaozhou, Dongguan, Shantou, Shenzhen, Shunde, Zhuhai,
Guizhou > Guiyang, Anshun, Zunyi
Hainan > Haikou, Sanya
Hebei > Shijiazhuang, Cangzhou, Chengde, Qinhuangdao (Incl. Beidaihe och Shanhaiguan), Tangshan, Baoding, Zhangjiakou
Heilongjiang > Harbin, Hailaer, Mohe, Mudanjiang, Qiqihar, Suifenhe
Henan > Zhengzhou, Anyang, Kaifeng, Luoyang, Sanmenxia
Hubei Wuhan > Huangshi, Shiyan, Shashi, Xiangfan, Yichang,
Hunan > Changsha, Changde, Dayong, Hengyang, Xiangtan, Zhangjiajie
Jiangsu > Nanjing, Lianyungang, Suzhou, Wuxi, Zhenjiang
Jiangxi > Nanchang, Jiujiang, Lushan ,Jian, Jinggangshan
Jilin > Changchun, Jilin, Tuman, Yanji
Liaoning > Shenyang, Dalian, Dandong, Anshan, Wafangdian
Qinghai > Xining
Shaanxi > Xi'an, Xianyang, Baoji, Hanzhong,
Shandong > Jinan,Dezhou, Linyi, Qingdao,Qufu, Tai'an, Yantai
Shanxi > Taiyuan, Datong, Linfen, Yangquan
Sichuan > Chengdu, Emeishan, Zigong, Daxianshi
Taiwan Province* > Taipei,Gaoxiong, Taipei, Tainan, Xinzhu
Yunnan > Kunming, Dali, Simao, Xishuangbanna
Zhejiang > Hangzhou, Jiaxing, Ningbo, Shaoxing, Wenzhou,

Autonomous Regions

Guangxi Zhuang (autonomous region) > Nanning, Beihai, Guilin, Liuzhou
Inner Mongolia (Autonomous region) > Hohhot, Baotou, Chifeng, Wuhai
Ningxia Hui > Yinchuan, Shizuishan
Tibet (Xizang) autonomous region > Lhasa, Xigaze

Special Cases

Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) )
Xinjiang Uygur Local self-govern Region > Urumqi, Kashgar, Turfan
* Claimed by the Republic of China (ROC)

China's Most Famous Tourists Attractions

Great Wall of China
Forbidden City
Yangtze River
Potala Palace
Terra Cotta Warriors Yunnan Stone Forest
Mt. Huangshan
Silk Road
Yangshuo West Street
Mogao Caves
Shanxi Local Resident Houses
Lijiang Old Town
Tashilhunpo Monastery
Li River
West Lake
Yellow River

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