The Trevi Fountain is one of the most popular, and photographed, fountain in the world. This grand fountain, most likely the most beautiful one in Rome
, is located in the Quirinale district and is clearly the masterpiece of the small Trevi square. "Trevi" is derived from the word "Trivium", meaning "where three streets meet". This monumental baroque Trevi Fountain is within a walking distance of the Piazza Navona
and the Spanish Steps
The fountain was designed by the artist Nicola Salvi, who was commissioned by Pope Clement XII in 1732. Salvi based his designed on one that Bernini started one century earlier but he was halted after the death of Pope Urban VIII. It took about thirty years to build the fountain and it was finally completed in 1762.
The Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed two thousand years ago still supplies water to the famous fountain. The aqueduct was built by General Agrippa under Augustus around 19 B.C. and it brought water from the Salone springs 19 kilometres away into Rome. The Aqua Virgo, or "Vergine", is the only aqueduct that never interrupted to provide the city with water since the ancient Romans.
This sculptural masterpiece is a magnificent theatrical representation of the forces of the sea. The main figure of the fountain, under a sober Arch of Triumph, is that of the god Neptune (god of the sea). He is riding a shell shaped type of chariot that is pulled by many horses. The fluctuating moods of the sea is symbolized by having some calm and obedient horses while others are restive and agitated. The galloping over water horses are guided by Triton (messenger of the sea). The sea is represented by the water at the bottom. A small niche to the left of Neptune has the statue of Abundance while another on the right has the one of Salubrity.
Horses and Tritons
According to legend, if you toss a coin into the fountain's water you'll be back to visit Rome someday.